Dowry chest used for storing clothes, food, documents, jewelry, famous in its rectangular block of antiquity. From the ranks of the Mediterranean culture they have travelled to other parts of Europe. From the early Middle Ages they became one of the main furniture in the interior equipment of the upper classes and as such the have survived until the eighteenth century. they usualy took an important place in the home space so that is why they received an unusually rich setting. Each age style has left its mark on them. After Roman empire remains silhouette and iron fittings, slender boxes have been enriched with Gothic architectural reliefs, then renaissance brought a lot of varieties boxes and wall paintings that changed visage boxes to the end of their “career”, becoming the source of so long their duration. When supplanted by a chest of drawers and cabinets chest, ceased to be part of the interior design of upper classes, it has been adapted by the village and for a good few centuries has established itself among the people.
In the sixteenth century chests appear commonly in cities butin the country side are beginning to spread in the eighteenth century. The biggest interest for those chests took place in the nineteenth century. There were also a large number of centers producing them for the needs of rural customers and the huge diversity of typological and stylistic boxes. Chest became part of the canon set of a peasant interior (next to the table, benches, beds, shelves for dishes), being in this case also the most prestigious furniture. In poor, rural ascetic and minimalist interior, those chests stands out strongly compare to other furnitures.