Oak tree, oak wood- research

Oak in polish Dąb (Quercus L.)

I’ve choose oak wood for building my furniture as one of the important source of furniture making in counrty from ages. Oak had been used to cure and made people beliefe actually ensure in long life. Oak tree was treated as a one of the symbol . Untill today many names of places town and villages , comes from oak name.

Longevity and stately appearance of oak for centuries caused a great impression on people. Old specimens were worshiped as Shinto deities by most of the original peoples of Europe. The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that Oak is the seat of the highest deities – Jupiter and Zeus. Therefore, Rome crowned its prominent citizens merit a wreath of oak leaves ‘corona civica’. Also in Old testament is mention about these trees, where we read about Abraham sitting down under the oaks of Mamre.

Some peoples regarded oaks trees as – oracles, based on their status they could predict weather and a good harvest. In Greek ‘Dodona’ was the oracle taht could predict from the noise oak leaves.

Among the Germanic tribes, oak was devoted to the god of storms (Thor). It was apparent from the observation that thunder struck those trees mostly , without making serious damage in the landsurrounded by those trees.

Celtic and Slavic peoples also had to be impressed by the splendor of oak trees, because their places of worship localized mostly in old oak woods (see. Perun, Taranis).

The Celts also believed that the power of oak is helpful in the afterlife, and therefore to the tombs of the dead they were putting branches of that tree . In Żmudź today Lithuania  in the sacred groves, oak was the main tree dedicated to Perkun , equivalent god to Perun.

Oak wood relatively heavy and hard is widely used in the construction of internal joinery, furniture. Due to its resistance to abrasion is ideal for making staves floor. Production of oak darken over time in a natural way from the water, and because of tannin content easily react with chemicals in particular paints (salts, acids, bases). Oak wood tends to crack at high frost due to high internal stresses, it is excellent for wood joinery internal but very risky for topical application particularly windows and doors.

Oak bark contains a large amount of tannins and for centuries is successfully used in tanning for leather tanning.
Plant Magic: In one of the regions in Poland – Zagórzyce patients were suffering from throat or toothache walked before sunrise, without turning back at the forest, they were attending the place where grew old oak tree called “Doctor”. On arrival the patient had to pray 3 times, followed by three walks around the tree by saying following words: Say that to me, tell me, my beloved oak, which way to treat teeth in my mouth. Children, frailed,  that suffers from any kind illness were transferred by the forked branches of oak (sometimes deliberately for this purpose people were spliting young oal trees) . These practices were used in Poland in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Oak as a medical plant

The bark of some species is a component of many herbal mixtures, a decoction of the bark was used internally in diarrhea, and externally with frostbite and burns.
Some species of oaks may have  importance as melliferous plants. They produce honeydew (called. Dew honey) Specimens of mistletoe growing on oak trees were regarded as a special talisman, probably due to the rare occurrence.

With oak staves were produced  staves for barrels and then they were exported from Poland to the countries that produce wine. Oak acorns were used to feed pigs and today we can find caffein free ‘ coffe’ maid from oak acrons.
Oak acorns were once feeds for pigs
With oak staves for barrels were made that were subject to the export of Polish wine producing countries.



After tutorial with maiko my thughts about the cabinet, furniture making got more clear, wasn’t really sure how my cabinet should look like regarding the style and the usage of it. Maiko suggest me to keep working with the whole folk idea  and also regarding the shape of my furniture that should present the style of region i am focus on or region that are famous from furniture making and try to combine the idea with my own Kashubian based pattern.

I am interest in dawerly folklore boxes sort of chest in shape. I ‘ve seen them a lot in my life so i will consider them as a shape of my cabinet.

After looking at my previous research in wooden dowry chests i did some sketches to have an idea to my cabinet/chest.



Studio Rygalik

By reading about creative designers in Poland i found Studio Rygalik that did interesting and modern design in the old folklore  rug called ‘ makata’. The funny part of this design is the idea of knitting a nowadays fantasy characters into the old style rug. In summary that bring an really great effect and would be nice to do rugs like this one but with our on stories knitted. Sort of short life statement or interesting expiernece shown in that way of house deccoartion. To knit our favorite book or cartoon we used to like 😉




The World in people’s perceptions was filled with magic. It was believed in the existence of various kinds of supernatural powers and representatives of those forces known as demons. According to folk beliefs, these demons could have both negative and positive impact on human existence,  therefore people tryed to stay in distance and caution to avoid contact with them. Many of demonic creatures were related to space around the house.

It was widely believed in presence of small black dwarfs called ‘bożęta’- mini gods. They had to enter through cracks into the room and help home residents. First of all Bozet helped women in sleep mode and rocking children. They had to enter through chinks in the floor into the room and help home residents. ‘bożęta’ were trying to help women to make they babies fall asleep. Another home demon was also known as ‘inkluz’. Initially regarded as a good spirit who lived under the threshold of the house and looking after it residents, sometimes taken as a devil who served their man to provide him with wealth and prosperity.

Another demon was haunting house and tease their residents it was called ‘zmora’-nightmare. It came at night and suffocate sleeping people. Also caused inertia in the legs and hands. ‘Zmora’-nightmare was getting into the house through the different types of slots or keyholes,and only the same way she could get out. Clogging the hole, which demon came was caused to see that demon. It was said that great wealth could win the one who strip the cap of that demon. Other dangerous demon, especially for emerging women and their children, was ‘Mamuna’. It was believed that into this demon turns the soul from a woman who died during pregnancy or childbirth.





As through the poplar’s gusty spire
The March wind sweeps and sings,
I sit beside the hollow fire,
And dream familiar things;
Old memories wake, faint echoes make
A murmur of dead Springs…
~”Long Ago,” in Chambers’s Journal of Popular Literature, Science, and Art, Conducted by William and Robert Chambers, 1868 October 24th

“Each leaf,

each blade of grass
vies for attention.
Even weeds
carry tiny blossoms
to astonish us.”
– Marianne Poloskey, Sunday in Spring

March it is the month when just after winter we expect first signs of upcoming spring. In Uk it is different waiting time can be extended even for couple of month to see any trace of spring with flowers and first sun lights which gives us positive energy  what extremly motivets myself for creating new things. to look for evidence of spring i found interesting book about Kashubian miths and interesting stories which amazingly describe the beauty of the region in the time of spring and summer. thanks to that precious book i had connected some ideas. A few months ago i did research about polish textile; rugs ,clothes etc. All of them are unique and with characteristic them, some of them represent daily life of woman in a country side the others shows the animals of which rural people were surounded by. Also what i found  interesting was in rugs deccorated or knitted with the rituals and miths of some regions of the country. That gaves me an idea to do create my own story or story of other people. I always want to make some textile designs and that could be an option to create on my own fabrice in the style of folklore rugs.

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decorated rug ‘makata’ and its owner.

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I did collage of existing story from my childhood with elements of made up characters.

pattern blue light pattern folk mint

One of those designs has been printed for now on a cotton canvas fabric. In the future i would like to try repeat that pattern onto knitted fabric.

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That sample has been presented in our mini show of our work in progress.

Bartoli design

Bartoli design is behind the 1085 Edition chair  made with natural hide. Designed for Kristalia , the chair’s wooden structure will stand the test of time remaining unchanged, while the hide will move and change color and texture as it ages.


Bartoli worked with Conceria Presot, an Italian tannery with haute couture experience, which inspired the visible stitching that helps the hide transition from the backrest to the seat. 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-3
On the back, a visible tie-rod helps keep the hide tight over the years as it naturally stretches out. 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-5 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-6 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-7 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-8 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-9 1085-Edition-Chair-Bartoli-Design-Kristalia-10